What to read after John's Gospel and Hapaxlegomena

Update: here is a Google sheet with this data and more that you can sort in different ways based on whether you want to included or exclude hapaxlegomena. Also you can choose whether to exclude them relative to the book, GNT, LXX, or the whole Greek Bible.

Yesterdayhttps://amindforlanguage.com/greek/2022/08/26/john-reading-stats.html

I wrote about what books would be easiest to read after having only read John’s Gospel or 1st John.

This got me wondering about the number of hapaxlegomena in each book. The following table is ordered by the percentage of words found in a given book that are not present also in John’s Gospel and occur more than once vs the number of words in the book. As a formula it would look like this.

It is interesting that of the 999 lemmata in John’s Gospel, 368 (or 37%) of them are hapaxlegomena. Thus, with digital reading tools or footnotes we really only need to learn 600 words to read John’s Gospel. Yet another reason that it is a good place to start.

The truly surprising thing is how different the order of books is once the hapax words are removed from the calculation. Judges was the third row on the table, but it has dropped to row 16. More NT books occur earlier in the list as well.

What does this mean from a pedagogical perspective?

Hapax words could be clearly marked and glosses and parsing information provided to students via footnotes or the like. Of course too many footnoted words in a single sentence would be a barrier to fluent reading so that needs to be considered as well.

As long as these words are clearly marked so the student doesn’t have to wonder whether they should known them or not, then the following order could be a reasonable program for reading through the Greek Bible. This order would provide exposure to huge amount of text while also maximizing comprehensibility.

Book No Hapax % With Hapax % No Hapax Count With Hapax Count Hapax Total Lemmas Total Words
JHN 0.0 0.0 0 0 368 999 15438
1JH 0.66 2.11 14 45 88 233 2137
2JH 0.82 4.9 2 12 48 95 245
JUD 1.96 20.7 9 95 167 226 459
MRK 2.09 6.35 236 717 638 1341 11286
3JH 2.28 12.79 5 28 69 108 219
MAT 2.41 5.4 441 990 668 1680 18329
Lev 2.46 4.6 470 877 484 1237 19082
REV 2.57 4.88 253 480 310 911 9833
LUK 2.59 6.91 503 1344 970 2046 19446
Deut 2.64 5.48 606 1260 747 1714 22990
Gen 2.65 4.9 862 1597 813 2096 32566
GAL 2.65 11.32 59 252 296 519 2226
1Sam 2.69 5.29 541 1064 621 1475 20131
Ps 2.7 4.91 944 1716 855 2225 34964
Judg 2.71 4.19 855 1321 518 1750 31527
Num 2.79 5.27 699 1320 701 1745 25059
2Kgs 2.8 5.76 527 1085 646 1480 18853
EPH 2.81 12.0 68 290 313 528 2416
Ezek 2.83 4.86 838 1442 685 1909 29658
1TH 2.85 11.27 42 166 199 361 1473
ROM 2.91 9.37 205 661 573 1054 7055
Jer 2.93 5.61 849 1625 857 2134 28948
2Sam 2.95 6.57 528 1177 748 1609 17927
1Kgs 2.96 5.76 615 1199 662 1613 20803
2Chr 2.98 5.77 637 1232 682 1646 21353
2TI 3.0 20.24 37 250 306 452 1235
Qoh 3.01 8.05 137 366 339 643 4546
TIT 3.03 23.82 20 157 219 300 659
COL 3.04 14.43 48 228 267 430 1580
1PE 3.04 17.82 51 299 353 543 1678
2TH 3.05 12.2 25 100 149 249 820
TobS 3.07 7.33 222 530 411 912 7233
Exod 3.1 5.56 769 1379 726 1877 24816
Bel 3.11 14.32 28 129 171 260 901
PHIL 3.14 14.39 51 234 272 442 1626
1Mac 3.23 6.95 591 1271 786 1744 18292
ACT 3.23 7.69 595 1416 950 2032 18412
1CO 3.23 7.97 220 543 436 952 6812
Isa 3.29 6.39 891 1730 923 2288 27075
PHI 3.29 17.66 11 59 88 140 334
DanTh 3.43 7.02 359 734 469 1116 10453
Josh 3.52 8.68 561 1386 925 1760 15960
TobBA 3.56 8.78 196 483 385 833 5503
Dan 3.59 7.69 387 829 558 1245 10781
JAM 3.62 16.45 63 286 349 555 1739
BelTh 3.67 12.86 32 112 153 253 871
Jonah 3.94 13.3 43 145 169 296 1090
Mal 3.95 13.84 56 196 202 353 1416
HEB 3.99 12.89 197 636 570 1029 4935
2Esdr 4.0 9.43 531 1250 807 1625 13262
2CO 4.0 10.49 179 469 398 786 4473
1Esdr 4.06 12.47 365 1122 862 1492 8994
Jdt 4.07 10.32 373 947 714 1346 9174
Hag 4.12 11.83 39 112 127 238 947
Zech 4.13 10.4 205 516 413 826 4963
Esth 4.14 11.16 242 652 507 988 5843
Sus 4.17 15.78 33 125 169 282 792
Obad 4.24 19.49 20 92 128 188 472
Bar 4.26 11.77 111 307 287 539 2608
Ruth 4.3 8.83 89 183 161 374 2072
1TI 4.34 20.05 69 319 344 538 1591
Nah 4.38 24.65 41 231 263 367 937
PsSol 4.38 11.51 216 567 435 853 4926
Hos 4.47 13.45 176 530 445 811 3941
1Chr 4.48 11.85 728 1925 1287 2281 16244
Od 4.49 13.73 188 575 485 882 4187
EpJer 4.51 17.74 58 228 257 394 1285
Hab 4.52 22.71 50 251 291 420 1105
Amos 4.55 14.8 146 475 402 714 3210
2PE 4.55 19.58 50 215 251 399 1098
Mic 4.56 16.68 108 395 389 635 2368
SusTh 4.67 13.49 53 153 178 331 1134
Sir 4.75 10.15 887 1894 1124 2425 18658
Job 4.83 10.38 655 1407 877 1912 13561
Prov 5.05 11.97 564 1336 886 1795 11164
Zeph 5.07 19.05 62 233 244 381 1223
Lam 5.52 16.44 132 393 351 623 2391
4Mac 5.83 16.38 458 1287 951 1659 7859
Cant 5.98 16.1 121 326 286 531 2025
Joel 6.2 16.71 98 264 246 444 1580
2Mac 6.27 15.9 747 1895 1279 2371 11917
Wis 6.54 19.31 454 1341 1008 1754 6943
3Mac 7.24 22.19 370 1134 879 1468 5110

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